Serbia, officially the Republic of Serbia, is a landlocked country situated at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe in the southern Pannonian Plain and the central Balkans. It borders Hungary to the north; Romania and Bulgaria to the east; Macedonia to the south; Croatia, Bosnia, Montenegro to the west and claims a border with Albania through the disputed territory of Kosovo. Out of around 7 million residents of Serbia, the majority lives in Northern Serbia. The capital city, Belgrade, ranks among the oldest and largest cities in Southeastern Europe.
Serbia is a member of international organisations such as the UN, CoE, OSCE, PfP, BSEC, and CEFTA. An EU membership candidate since 2012, Serbia has been negotiating its EU accession since January 2014. The country is acceding to the WTO. Since December 2007, Serbia formally adheres to the policy of military neutrality. Serbia is an upper-middle income economy with a dominant service sector, followed by the industrial sector and agriculture. The country ranks high by the Human Development Index (66th), Social Progress Index (45th) as well as the Global Peace Index (56th).
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