Antarctica, AntarcticaMcMurdo, Antarctica

Antarctica in AntarcticaView destination

McMurdo in AntarcticaView destination

Antarctica holiday destinations

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Country code:AQ
Phone code:+672
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More information:Wikipedia

Antarctica is Earth's southernmost continent. It contains the geographic South Pole and is situated in the Antarctic region of the Southern Hemisphere, almost entirely south of the Antarctic Circle, and is surrounded by the Southern Ocean. At 14,000,000 square kilometres, it is the fifth-largest continent. For comparison, Antarctica is nearly twice the size of Australia. About 98% of Antarctica is covered by ice that averages 1.9 km in thickness, which extends to all but the northernmost reaches of the Antarctic Peninsula.

Antarctica, on average, is the coldest, driest, and windiest continent, and has the highest average elevation of all the continents. Antarctica is a desert, with annual precipitation of only 200 mm along the coast and far less inland. The temperature in Antarctica has reached -89.2°C (or even -94.7°C as measured from space), though the average for the third quarter (the coldest part of the year) is -63°C. Anywhere from 1,000 to 5,000 people reside throughout the year at the research stations scattered across the continent. Organisms native to Antarctica include many types of algae, bacteria, fungi, plants, protista, and certain animals, such as mites, nematodes, penguins, seals and tardigrades. Vegetation, where it occurs, is tundra.

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Map of Antarctica

Holiday destinations in Antarctica